Campaign against the use of DDT

Uganda is one of many countries which is considering using the insecticide DDT to control mosquitoes.

We in anamed are strongly opposed to the use of DDT. To our dismay, even the WHO has approved the use of DDT. We quote, “WHO is now recommending the use of indoor residual spraying (IRS) not only in epidemic areas but also in areas with constant and high malaria transmission, including throughout Africa.”. See WHO.

In Uganda Monik Adriaens spearheaded a campaign against its use. She and her colleagues have prepared an excellent document. The following are excerpts.

In the conclusion she writes:

“This document is a compilation of scientifically proven methods already used to reduce malaria. All have significant effect on killing or repelling Anopheles larvae, mosquitoes or Plasmodium. The WHO is proposing Integrated Vector Control, in other words, a combination of one or more vector control methods. We believe in a holistic approach where all stakeholders have to take their responsibility in such a way that environment, health and economy are not compromised.”

Impacts of DDT

Toxicological Effects of DDT

  • Acute toxicity: DDT is moderately to slightly toxic in studied mammalian species taken orally.
  • Chronic toxicity: DDT has caused chronic effects on the nervous system, liver, kidneys and immune system in experimental animals.
  • Reproductive effects: There is evidence that DDT causes negative reproductive effects in test animals and humans. (Pubmed Dec 2006, Aneck-Harn, Schulenburg, Bornman, De Jager)
  • Teratogenic effects: There is evidence that DDT

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Stand of The Business Community of Uganda

On 25 April 2006 a letter of the Ugandan Business Community (signed by 36 key from the dairy, honey, coffee, tea, fish, flower, textile, horticulture, and organic sector) went to the president of Uganda.

“The business community has major concerns about the plans of the government to use DDT for Controlled Indoor Spraying because it is not an effective and realistic option and a threat to the economy of Uganda. Besides, funding has been provided to Uganda for control measures known as 'combination therapy' that can be effective without the use of DDT."

The key reasons for the business communities concern are:

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